Signposting is an approach to make the scholarly web more friendly to machines.
It uses Typed Links
as a means to clarify patterns that occur repeatedly in scholarly portals. For resources of any media type,
these typed links are provided in
HTTP Link headers. For HTML resources, they are additionally
HTML link elements. Throughout this site, examples use the former approach.
When visiting scholarly portals, readers can easily figure out landing pages, links to bibliographic records, authorship, etc. But, because portals use different conventions to convey such patterns, machines have a hard time finding their way around.
As a portal administrator or operator of scholarly infrastructure, you can change that by implementing some of the Signposting patterns listed on this site. Doing so will allow machines to navigate scholarly portals in a uniform manner. Which will lead to applications that make things easier for readers too.
Image courtesy of Patrick Hochstenbach.
As an example, Herbert Van de Sompel and Michael L. Nelson are the authors of the paper with DOI
their respective ORCIDs are http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0715-6126
CrossRef, the DOI registration agency, can express this authorship
in a Link header provided in the response to an HTTP HEAD/GET issued against https://doi.org/10.1045/november2015-vandesompel: