Bibliographic Metadata

Signposting the Scholarly Web

Use Typed Links in HTTP Link headers to help machines find the bibliographic metadata that describe a publication.

Several metadata resources may exist, each expressed according to a different format. Each such metadata resource should be published at a URI that supports HTTP GET. Currently, many portals exist where this is not the case. Also, the format of each metadata resource should be expressed unambiguously in its HTTP response header. When it comes to bibliographic metadata resources, there is currently little uniformity out there. We propose some conventions to start addressing that problem.

The following relation types are used in the Bibliographic Metadata pattern:
  • To link to and from bibliographic metadata, respectively: describedby, describes
In addition, the following attributes should be used on Typed Links:
  • To express the media type of the linked resource: type
  • To provide further details about the media type of the linked resource, for example, when several linked resources have the same media type: profile

Bibliographic Metadata Approaches

Select your portal's approach and inspect how to implement Signposting:

  • DOI ➞ Landing Page ➞ Bibliographic Resources

    The publication is identified by a DOI, which redirects to a landing page. The landing page links to resources that are part of the publication and also to bibliographic metadata that describes the publication.
    Example »

  • DOI ➞ Publication ➞ Bibliographic Resources

    The publication is identified by a DOI, which redirects to an HTML rendering of an article. The latter links to other resources that are part of the publication and also to bibliographic metadata that describes the publication.
    Example »

  • Landing Page ➞ Bibliographic Resources

    The publication is not identified by a DOI. The typical entry point for a publication in the portal is a landing page, which links to resources that are part of the publication and also to bibliographic metadata that describes the publication.
    Example 1 »   Example 2 »

  • Publication ➞ Bibliographic Resources

    The publication is not identified by a DOI. The typical entry point for a publication in the portal is an HTML rendering of an article, which links to other resources that are part of the publication and also to bibliographic metadata that describes the publication.
    Example »